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Physical Air Conditioners – Part II – Air conditioner Parts


This article is an extension to “Mechanical Air Conditioners – Part I – Operating Principle”, as well as I’ll be talking about AC components utilized in mechanical air conditioners.

Air conditioner parts that we place into a physical AC, ought to conform to the working principle. Air cooling parts for this type of equipment are divided into 3 categories. The,

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Main air conditioner parts

Main air conditioner parts

There’s six parts in this category. Let’s look at them one by one,

The compressor

Utilized for compressing refrigerant into highly pressured gas into the condenser, and pulling in very low pressure gas from the evaporator. The high pressure and pressure which is low is created by the compressor.

Common compressors used are piston type, scroll, and rotary compressors

Condenser and Evaporator

These are simple finned heat exchangers. These air conditioner parts, are formed using a serpentine shaped copper (or maybe aluminium) tube, with aluminium fins.

While the functions will vary, the operating principle of these components is the same. To encourage heat exchange between the refrigerant and air.

Condenser is going to function to liquefy higher pressure refrigerant. Evaporator is going to function to completely boil very low pressure refrigerant, into very low pressure gas

Expansion device

Typical expansion devices are often capillary tube, OR thermostatic expansion valve. The purpose is to allow stress build up from the compressor, and permit refrigerant to develop into low pressure zone. This particular air cooling end will likewise enable for boiling to start


Tubes are air conditioner components that has no moving parts. The fundamental function is to direct refrigerant flow, and contain refrigerant within the AC. Common tube material is both copper, or aluminium


Air conditioners wouldn’t have the ability to cool, or maybe heat anything without a refrigerant. So, this part is important. Refrigerant is employed for absorbing (at evaporator), as well as expelling (at condenser) heat.

Typical refrigerant type consumed in physical ACs are the HCFC (hydro-chloro-fluoro-carbon), as well as HFC (hydro-fluoro-carbon)

fans as well as Blowers

Fans are positioned in the condenser, along with blowers are placed at the evaporator – to aid heat exchange. Blowers will additionally offer much better air circulation within the house of yours – and these source with air that is cool to help you, out of the evaporator

Assistance air conditioning parts

Assistance air conditioning parts

These are conditioner parts give you the protection to the primary parts, such that those can last long, and also operate reliably. The list,

Filter dryer receiver

Functions to filtration tiny molecules from the compressor, remove water within the refrigerant, and in a number of cases, acts as a receiver to provide full liquid column (with no bubbles) on the development valve.

It’s placed before the expansion valve, and after the compressor


What more can I say. Air conditioning filters are going to prevent dust, and other particles from blocking up the evaporator. Naturally, you’ll have to clean or replace it periodically

Tubing insulation

Is the most straightforward air conditioner part and utilised in refrigerant return line. This element is going to prevent icing, and condensation on the refrigerant return line.

Essentially, it will keep the refrigerant from evaporator cold, and allow for greater cooling of compressor. Additionally, you will save money on utility bills


As the sensible deadening air conditioner portion, placed at the outlet line of the compressor


Effectively, to ensure you can transport primary sections (condensing device and evaporating unit) in simple packages, and used to protect main and sensitive air conditioner parts

Control AC parts

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These air conditioning parts are more like the “essential accessories” for just about any physical air conditioner. In this article we go,

Humidistat and thermostat

The former blast auxiliary classic desktop ac ( element is utilized for controlling the temperature, and the latter for manipulating the moisture. Thermostat is used in ALL ACs, however, not humidistat. But, the addition of humidistat into the device together with thermostat is common in central ACs


Is as well as electric element used-to manage the switching on, and off of compressors, fans, plus blowers.


Dampers are employed in core ACs, to deal with flow of air, in a way that you’ll get the right and comfortable from the air conditioning equipment. Dampers is just about vital in central ACs, as it is hard to balance heat gain as well as loss requirement for each area – from a single condensing evaporating central unit

By now, you will need a broad idea of what exactly are the air conditioner parts that make up a complete manual air conditioner. []

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